The juvenile court system essay

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The juvenile court system essay

Adult Justice System Essay Today, the debate over the development and change of the modern juvenile justice system raises the problem of its adaptation to the specific environment, where the juvenile justice system is implemented.

To put it more precisely, the juvenile justice system is traditionally different from the adult justice system.

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However, today, the youth tends to commit serious crimes, which raise the public criticism in relation to the modern juvenile justice system because the punishment of juveniles is considered by average citizens irrelevant to the crime they commit. In such a case, violent crimes committed by juveniles provoke a particularly severe criticism of the modern juvenile justice system.

However, the public is often unaware of the substantial difference between juvenile and adult offenders and negative effects of the severe punishment of juvenile offenders may be unpredictable and even worse compared to the current effects of the punitive measures undertaken in relation to juvenile offenders.

At the same time, the change of the punishment of juvenile offenders will lead to the consistent change of the entire juvenile justice system and making it similar to, if not duplicate of, the adult justice system. At this point, it is important to dwell upon key differences between juvenile and adult justice system to reveal the full extent to which norms of the adult justice system are not applicable to the juvenile justice system, in spite of the public demands and public opinion in relation to certain crimes being committed by juveniles.

To put it more precisely, the information concerning juvenile offenders, their background and other private information is always subject to protection from the part of law enforcement agencies. At any rate, the public does not have free access to any records related to juvenile offenders and their crimes.

In this respect, it is worth mentioning the fact that today limitations are placed on public access to juvenile records because of the belief that juvenile offenders can be successfully rehabilitated, and to avoid their unnecessary stigmatization.

Court proceedings may be confidential to protect privacy Reiman, In such a way, courts protect the privacy of juvenile offenders and consider the limited access to the private information concerning juvenile offenders.

In stark contrast, the adult justice system has quite different attitude to offenders. Even though the privacy of adult offenders is protected, the public still has a wider access to the private information and to cases concerning their offenses. To put it more precisely, open public access to criminal records is required, and all court proceedings are open to the public Hayward, In such a way, adult offenders are less protected in terms of their privacy compared to adult offenders.

Arrest and intake The arrest and intake is also quite a complicated procedure, which becomes particularly difficult when a juvenile offender is involved. In fact, law enforcement agencies have limited opportunities to arrest a juvenile and hold him or her in jail as is the case of adult offenders.

Law enforcement officers have limited influence on the limitation of freedom of juvenile offenders. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that the existing legislation provides juvenile offenders with larger opportunities compared to adult offenders to avoid arrest and intake.

On the other hand, the thorough control over juvenile offenders from the part of their parents or other adults, who supervise them and control their behavior.

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The main point is to put juvenile offenders under the control, whereas adult offenders are often restricted in their freedom being under arrest and intake.

In fact, the main difference in the arrest and intake procedure between juvenile offenders and adults is that juvenile offenders are unlikely to go to jail, whereas adult offenders can be detained and kept intake, if they represent a threat to the public safety.

First court appearance, bail The first court appearance and bail also play an important part in the juvenile and adult justice system. In this regard, requirements to adult offenders are also consistently stricter compared to juvenile offenders. To put it more precisely, the juvenile justice system provides law enforcement agencies with a relatively limited set of tools to restrict the freedom of juvenile offenders and draw them to the courtroom.

At the same time, the preventive detention should occur on the consent of parents of the juvenile offender and if the offender needs protection or the community needs the protection from the offender.

The juvenile court system essay

In this regard, the adult justice system provides adult offenders with the possibility to apply bond or bail. In fact, defendants have the right to apply for bond or bail.

This system was to differ from adult or criminal court in a number of ways.
Juvenile Justice System Research Paper. Sample Essay on Juvenile Delinquency | Useful Essays The juvenile court is not designed to punish the offenders but rather to place them in a course that would allow reforms.
Juvenile Justice System Essay ⋆ Essays on Controversial Topics ⋆ EssayEmpire This system was to differ from adult or criminal court in a number of ways. It was to focus on the child or adolescent as a person in need of assistance, not on the act that brought him or her before the court.
The Juvenile Court System Juvenile Justice System Research Paper Posted on by admin Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society. Although the results of criminal offences are the same, some would argue that the problem is much more complicated and demands more consideration that adult criminals.
Juvenile Justice System Research Paper. Sample Essay on Juvenile Delinquency | Useful Essays However, juvenile justice has not always been driven by this philosophy. Prior to the 19th century, the criminal justice system treated all individuals over age 5 equally.

At first glance, adult offenders have larger opportunities to use bail or bond compared to juvenile offenders but still they can be detained on different pretexts and for different reasons and the protection of the offender or the community is not the only reason for the detention of the offender.

In such a way, adult offenders are more vulnerable to the arrest and they can be drawn to the first court appearance, whereas juvenile offenders have larger opportunities to avoid the first court appearance, whereas the detention of juvenile offenders occurs only in case of the necessity of their or community protection.

Pre-adjudication programs Furthermore, it is important to place emphasis on the fact that the juvenile justice system has larger options for the pre-adjudication programs. What is meant here is the fact that, unlike adult offenders, juveniles have larger options in this regard.

At this point, it is possible to refer to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of JJDPAwhich resulted in dramatic changes—mandating the removal of juveniles from adult jails and police lock-ups, requiring a parallel system of juvenile detention centers for those who needed to be held securely, and forbidding the secure confinement of status offenders and children in need of supervision Hayward, In such a way, the practice of using juvenile detention centers was rejected and replaced by other programs, which introduced less restrictive measures on the freedom of juvenile offenders and put them into less strict conditions.Custom The Juvenile Court System Essay The juvenile court system was fist established in to ensure that minors aged less than 18 years who violated the law were given a suitable hearing which would enable them reform.

The Juvenile Justice System Jodia M Murphy Kaplan University CJ Juvenile Delinquency Professor Thomas Woods July 31, Abstract This paper takes a brief look at the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system in the United States. The Juvenile Court System – Essay Example A major issue facing the juvenile justice system, and one that reflects problems within the foundation of the system itself, is how young offenders are initially treated and held, before the trial process.

Jul 31,  · Juvenile Justice System Essay. The court and the juvenile justice system has made some positive changes in the lives of millions of young people lives over the course or those years, within the last thirteen years there has been some daunting challenges in the system.

Jul 31,  · The history of the juvenile justice system is a mixture of the criminal justice system, family court, child protective services, social services, orphanages, adoption and humanitarian growth.

(Schmalleger, ) Where a child fit into the system would depend on the crime, family pedigree, financial standing, color and social status.

The juvenile court system takes into different consideration when it comes to juveniles. They look at the age of the juvenile as well as the nature of the offense or crime that has been committed. Although the nature of the offense or crime will not ensure that the juvenile will be charged as an.

The Juvenile Justice System | Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice | The National Academies Press