Gender Differences in the Labor Market The gender wage gap Theoretical Explanations for Gender Differences Conclusion Thesis Women within the United States have been treated differently and at times unfairly as compared to their male counterparts throughout history. Even though strong women's rights' campaigns have helped to support equal opportunities for both males and females; wages, wage gaps and career advancement and opportunities, have, still been raising equality concerns. In this research paper, I will discuss the wage gap between men and women, the reasons for and extent of the gap, and strategies for dealing with gender pay discrepancies. Introduction This paper focuses on the theoretical foundation for gender differences in the labor market as well as the empirical evidence on gender discrimination and gender differences in preferences.
Lewis Abstract The technology breakthroughs and tariff reductions of the last several decades have reduced the costs of trade. The classical Heckscher-Ohlin model cannot explain the pattern of the change in nonproduction wage share: The increasing wage gap leads to increasing income inequality, growing poverty and strains the social fabric.
Feenstra developed a trade in intermediate model which estimates the how much outsourcing contributes to the total change in nonproduction wage share and compared it with the contribution of computers. He estimated the change in nonproduction wage share in his book, Advanced International Trade Using the NBER productivity data Bartelsman and Gray and imported intermediate inputs data Feenstra and Hanson to run his regression, he found that outsourcing and high-tech capital are the main factors.
Moreover, whether outsourcing is more or less important than computers, depends on how we measure the computers. If we measure computers with the share of investments, it will be more important than outsourcing. If we measure computers with ex-post or ex-ante rental prices, it will be less important than outsourcing.
For this paper, I use an updated data and compare my results with Feenstra's. The fact that my findings are similar to Feenstra's, provides a robustness check on his original findings and gives us more confidence in them.The Effect of Outsourcing on the Change of Wage Share Tianqi Li This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Theses at TigerPrints.
It has been accepted for inclusion in All Theses by an authorized administrator of TigerPrints. For more information, please [email protected] The increasing wage gap leads to. Jun 05, · Peter R. Orszag is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist.
He is a vice chairman of investment banking at Lazard. He was director of the Office of Management and Budget from to . 1) While there is abundant evidence of skill-biased technological change, it also appears that international trade, in the form of foreign outsourcing, contributes to skill upgrading and increases in the skilled-unskilled wage gap.
To measure downstream and upstream outsourcing impacts on relative wages, researchers scattered skill wage share with different logarithm of elements of production.
As for results, authors found that if import share is not significant on wage gap between skilled and unskilled workers. iii GENDER AND THE WAGE GAP: STILL NOT EQUAL I have examined the final copy of this thesis for form and content, and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Arts.
THE FUTURE OF THE GENDER WAGE GAP IN THE AMERICAN WORKFORCE A Capstone Experience/Thesis Project Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for.