Soviet Union and United States Comparative Analysis of Industrialization in the Former USSR and United States The political, economic, and cultural impacts of industrialization in North American and European countries are still widely evident today and have heavily affected international relations and global politics. The Industrial Revolution is usually considered to have originated in Great Britain in the mid s, which at this point in time was the dominant empire in term of trade, commerce, land ownership, and influence. Other countries with sophisticated economic systems, including Germany, France and the United Kingdom soon developed technology, which allowed for mass production of commodities, more efficient travel over longer distances, and greater participation in formal economic activity for non-elite persons.
The church had a long tradition of social thinking rooted in the gospels and refined through the ages, but it was slow to adapt this thought to the social and economic revolution of the nineteenth century. Thomas Aquinas and Aquinas' vision of an organic community knitting rich and poor together in reciprocal relation, Rerum Novarum in some ways looked not forward but back to a medieval golden age.
In this sense it was a conservative document, or, conservatives believed that they could read it as such. They took notice of Leo's attack on the Socialists, for "exciting the enmity of the poor towards the rich" and advocating a program that "violates the rights of lawful owners, perverts the functions of the state Workers owed their bosses conscientious work, but "no laws either human or divine, permit them [the owners] for their own profit to oppress the needy and the wretched or to seek gain from another's want.
Many interpreted Leo's endorsement of workers' associations as an endorsement of unions. As American Catholics Industrialization and the american mind essay to grips with the problems and promise of economic change at the turn of the century, Leo's encyclical would become a powerful influence.
Yet, if it inspired Catholic reformers and progressives, its effects would be complicated as conservative Catholics read it and their church's traditions of social thought in their own way.
Nor would the encyclical and the church's formal social thought be the sole source of inspiration for Catholics confronting the industrial revolution of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The young priest, John A. Ryan, had been born on a Minnesota farm, the son of an Irish immigrant. Raised in radical traditions rooted in the Populist movement of the U. Ryan was a thinker, a philosopher, tightlipped and somewhat abrupt in person but passionate about ideas and the plight of working people.
Ryan endorsed labor unions, but he believed strongly that the ultimate responsibility for rectifying the problems of the new industrial society lay with the government.
His work on behalf of living wage legislation would earn him the title "Father of the Minimum Wage," and for his strong backing of Franklin Roosevelt he would be called the "Right Reverend New Dealer. Endorsed by bishops involved in the National Catholic War Council and based on Rerum Novarum, this program explicitly advocated legislation to regulate child labor, establish minimum wages, and provide national health insurance.
O'Connell had been born into an immigrant factory worker's family in Lowell, Massachusetts inso he knew firsthand the plight of working people. He was only the third cardinal in the history of the United States, and by the s, one of the most influential men of the American Catholic Church.
He was concerned about the church's place in America, and like many church leaders of his generation worried about a powerful state intruding into a moral sphere where the church alone should rule.
O'Connell also objected to the government's attempts to assume responsibilities that more appropriately belonged to families--to parents over their children, for example. Unlike Ryan, then, O'Connell was suspicious of the government, doubted that it could do much good for the poor and workers through legislation, and indeed, feared that its interference would make the lives of working families much worse.
In he clashed with John Ryan over adding an amendment to the Constitution permitting the federal government to ban child labor.
O'Connell believed that the child labor amendment would take control of children away from their parents, handing it over to legislators and a "centralized bureaucracy" thereby weakening the family, the fundamental core unit of moral life.
She was a radical, self-proclaimed and universally acknowledged by friend and foe alike. Born in Ireland probably inshe taught in parochial schools in Michigan briefly before marrying George Jones and settling down in Memphis, Tennessee with him and their three children.
After a yellow fever epidemic killed her husband and all of their children in lateshe worked as a milliner hatmaker and drifted into the labor movement. It was not untilwhen she was in her mid-sixties, however, that Mother Jones became an official organizer for the United Mine Workers and finally came into her own as a labor leader.
She looked grandmotherly with her white hair, wire-rimmed glasses and old-fashioned lacy dresses. She spoke of her "boys," the miners or her "girls," the brewery or textile workers. Yet she swore like a sailor and stood up fearlessly to police, sheriffs, and company officials who tried to intimidate her.
In the first two decades of the twentieth century she organized miners in the coal fields of West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Illinois, and Colorado, women brewery workers in Milwaukee, and child textile workers in Philadelphia. She was arrested, tried, and imprisoned in several states.
She believed that the government would always act on behalf of the rich, and nearly always punish workers who fought for better conditions.
She put more faith in union strikes and boycotts, for she thought that workers could help themselves only through their own efforts. Ryan and O'Connell explicitly drew on church teachings to justify their positions on economic issues. Jones, born and raised a Catholic, and even a teacher in a Catholic school, grew skeptical of organized religion over her lifetime.
Nevertheless, she did not seem to lose her faith in Christ and drew heavily on biblical lessons and imagery to inspire her "boys" the union workers and offer them a vision of a happier future. This website surveys documents related to the work of John A.American Industrialization Essay - Between and , industrialization caused significant changes in many people’s lives.
First, the development of a new railroad system help settle the west and made it more accessible to people. American Industrialization Essay Words 3 Pages Had it not been for the American industrialization, we would not enjoy the technology we have in the year Excerpt from Essay: Soviet Union and United States Comparative Analysis of Industrialization in the Former USSR and United States The political, economic, and cultural impacts of industrialization in North American and European countries are still widely evident today and have heavily affected international relations and global politics.
American history thesis and outline Essay Dissertation Help. Get Started! After the Civil War, the United States became a much more industrialized society. Between and , industrialization improved American life in many ways.
However, industrialization also created problems for American society. Keep in mind that a thesis is an. - The Technology of Industrialization (U.S.
Economic History) We already knew the men who guide the process of industrialization in U.S. economic history, but we need to explore and examine the truth of technology of industrialization in American history such as the entire iron and steel industry.
AOC11 Industrialization Honors AM. Collection by P Karthikeyan. Industrialization in America from "Capitalism industrial revolution essay effects essay for you" "Industrialization was a part of the growing urban population, which provided a new market and cheap labor.
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