History of fort santiago

Because of limited overland transportation in Texas before the coming of the railroads, there was tremendous interest in river boat transportation. For the most part, a steamboat "landing" was simply a spot near a plantation or small town where a steamboat could lay a stage plank to the shore.

History of fort santiago

Shortly after, in AugustColumbus left the port of Palos, Spain in search of a new trade route to India. After four months of aimless sailing across the Atlantic, Columbus finally had hope of making his voyage a success.

Their first sighting of land was on 12th October, one of the islands of what is now the Bahamas. Columbus named it San Salvador, and then went on to explore Cuba. Following his initial meeting with the indigenous tribe that lived on Hispaniola, the Taino Indians, Columbus proceeded to claim the island for the Spanish crown.

December 12 marked the founding of a temporary settlement called La Concepcion, and it was during these first moments on the island that Columbus met the Taino Chieftain Guacanagari, who was to help Columbus in his endeavors.

After exploring the island and meeting the Taino chieftains of Hispaniola, Columbus decided to head back to Spain, taking back samples that reflected life in the New World. Along with items like tobacco, pineapples, hammocks and peppers, which the Taino called aji; Columbus also took a group of Taino Indians and put them on display for the royal Spanish court, as a symbol of History of fort santiago voyage.

As Columbus departed for Spain in January ofhe left behind a group of 39 men who would eventually found the first settlement on Hispaniola, called La Navidad. La Navidad was built using the shipwrecked Santa Maria, which had sunk off the north coast, as Columbus returned to Spain.

Columbus would make three more trips to Hispaniola before his death.

History of fort santiago

Each trip was spent on preparing the island for a full Spanish conquest. On November 2, Columbus arrived back on his second trip leading 1, people in 17 ships to begin the conquest of the Indies and the mainland. When Columbus returned in November he was surprised to learn that the settlement he had left behind was no longer.

Some of the 39 men had clashed with the Taino Indians, and were killed. Other crewmembers had become sick, unable to cope with the harsh environment of the Caribbean.

As the underlying justification for the conquest of the New World, religion became an important practice in the Spanish colonies, and on January 6, the first mass in the New World was officiated in an improvised chapel.

As time progressed, small settlements were founded across the island, and the heart of the Spanish conquest in the New World, Hispaniola, began to develop accordingly.

In April a settlement on the northern coast called La Isabela was founded in what is now the province of Puerto Plata, and in Concepcion de la Vega was founded.

This event, though minor, would come to represent the bad luck that was to plague the Spanish settlement on Hispaniola. As development of all new settlements continued at a rapid pace, it was the labor of the indigenous population that built Hispaniola, but at a cost.

By the Spanish crown declared that the natives should not be mistreated, and in Nicolas de Ovando, the new governor of Hispaniola, and Bartolome de las Casas, defender of the natives and 'Cronista de Indias' chronicler of the Indies arrived on Hispaniola.

The paradise that Columbus had come across on his first voyage of was not to last. The Taino population on the island was quickly decimated by the new presence of European diseases, like smallpox, which they had no protection from.

On subsequent voyages, in order to gain more funding for his travels, and under pressure to pay off the creditors who had funded his previous voyages, Columbus introduced a slave system, which can only be described as brutal.

The Taino population quickly dwindled, leading to one of the most significant events in New World history. Inat the insistence of Bartolome de las Casas, who would later recant his statements, the first set of African slaves was brought from the West Coast of Africa, marking the start of the Atlantic Slave Trade.

In DecemberFray Anton de Montesinos cried out his famous sermon in defense of the natives, but this was all in vain, as history began to take its course. By20 years after the Spanish had landed on Hispaniola, the Taino population had shrunk to an estimated 60, natives.

By the native population was down to 11, and byafter a measles outbreak, the native population was down to 8, As fewer and fewer indigenous communities remained, war was the only survival option for the remaining natives.

Beginning inEnriquillo, a Taino convert to Christianity who had been mentored by Bartolome de las Casas, led what became a year war against the Spaniards, in the hope of freeing his people and expelling the Spaniards.

Inin order to curb the threat of buccaneers and pirates, Fortaleza Ozama the first military fort in the New World was begun, and completed by The development of the settlements in the New World was marked by some great achievements. In the year construction of the Alcazar palace was begun, and finished in In the construction of the Metropolitan Cathedral was begun in Santo Domingo, and marked the founding of the first university of the New World, by decree of a papal bull.


Though there were magnificent successes on Hispaniola, the continued presence of the Spanish on the island was marked by devastating events and tremendous bad luck. In French corsairs attacked and burned the village of Azua, leading to the decision to construct the Santo Domingo city walls into protect it from pirates and corsairs.

Corsair John Hawkins was one of the larger human traders, selling many shiploads of slaves in Puerto Plata. In Francis Drake invaded and burned Santo Domingo, and a earthquake damaged Santo Domingo, leaving the city in ruins. By the north and western parts of the island had become totally unpopulated, and this continued through most of the island.

By San Juan de la Maguana and Neiba in the south had also become unpopulated. By the late 17th century the Spanish settlement on Hispaniola had become increasingly unprofitable, unstable, and was consequently neglected by the Spanish.Fort Santiago got its fascinating nomenclature, after Saint James the Great, the patron saint of Spain.

To pay much homage and respect to this miraculous saint, his relics were used to ornament the façade of the front entrance. Moreover, it is located at the mouth of the Pasig River, and had acted as the main defense fortress of the Spanish .

A SHORT HISTORY OF THE USA. By Tim Lambert. PART ONE COLONIAL AMERICA. THE FIRST COLONIES IN NORTH AMERICA. The first Europeans to establish colonies in . Fort Santiago (Spanish language: Fuerte de Santiago Tagalog language: Moog ng Santiago) is a citadel first built by Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi for the new established city of Manila in the Philippines.

The defense fortress is part of the structures of the walled city of Type: Bastioned fort. The man authorities suspect of shooting 13 people in the baggage claim of the Fort Lauderdale International Airport on Friday was known to the FBI prior to the shooting.

Fort Santiago was named after Saint James the Great (Santiago in Spanish), the patron saint of Spain. A wooden relief sculpture portraying Saint James slaying Moorish enemies decorates the fort’s main gate and below it is the seal of Spain.

Fort Santiago is located in the walled city of Intramuros and is easily accessible by taxi, bus and jeepney. Alterntively, catch the light rail to the United Nations Station. The walls of Intramuros are a minute walk away.

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