Yet you face the frustration of losing vital marks if you fail to accurately and correctly reference your workwhether using the Oxford or Harvard referencing system. This simple guide helps to explain how to reference your essay or dissertation in either style.
Directly Quoting Summarizing Paraphrase "Which option you should choose depends on how much of a source you are using, how you are using it, and what kind of paper you are writing, since different fields use sources in different ways.
When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize a Source.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Most of the time when you cite a source, you want to summarize or paraphrase. Direct quotations should be used sparingly when the situation meets the criteria above.
When you do use direct quotations: Do not take the quote out of context. Be sure to integrate multiple sources within your text. Use transitions to make sure your quote adds to your paper without interrupting its flow. Attribute with an in-text citation; most citation styles request that you provide a page or paragraph number when directly citing.
If your quotation is longer, check with your citation style guide to see if additional formatting is necessary block quotations, for example. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Unlike the paraphrase, which presents important details, the summary presents only the most important ideas of the passage.
You should not be using any word-for-word quotations or language unique to the source, so you do NOT need quotation marks around your summary.A few thoughts — perhaps helpful to law review editors and authors — about what’s customary in American legal publications.
[Added: My sense is that this is also customary in most other books and journals, but I can speak with the most confidence about the custom in legal publications.]. SBL Handbook of Style Cheat Sheet Compiled by William P. Griffin, Ph.D.
January 15, Revised August 30, 1. General: A. Use footnotes. Harvard Referencing Guide Contents Acknowledging Sources How to Create a Reference List using a Harvard Style of Referencing Using footnotes with in-text referencing Additional information, for example, a list of statistics, can be put into a numbered footnote at the.
Learn how to master the art of referencing in the Harvard AGPS style so you can achieve great results in the referencing criteria of your assignment.
Writing Tips For Economics Research Papers Plamen Nikolov, Harvard University y June 10, 1 General Tips about Writing Style When I read your term papers, I look for your ability to motivate your question using economic. The QUT cite tool shows you real examples in each of QUT's four main referencing/citing styles.