An overview of the article the kalam cosmological argument

Aquinas thought a temporally finite universe could not be demonstrated by reason. The kalam cosmological argument, by contrast, argues that a temporally finite past can be demonstrated via both a priori and a posteriori arguments.

An overview of the article the kalam cosmological argument

Search The Kalam Cosmological Argument The temporal, kalam cosmological argument, dates back to medieval Muslim philosophers such as al-Kindi and al-Ghazali. It has recently been restored to popularity by William Lane Craig.

Like all cosmological arguments, the kalam cosmological argument is an argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of God. The existence of the universe, such arguments claim, stands in need of explanation.

The only adequate explanation, the arguments suggest, is that it was created by God.

Blog Archive

What distinguishes the kalam cosmological argument from other forms of cosmological argument is that it rests on the idea that the universe has a beginning in time. Modal forms of the cosmological argument are consistent with the universe having an infinite past. According to the kalam cosmological argument, however, it is precisely because the universe is thought to have a beginning in time that its existence is thought to stand in need of explanation.

This argument has the following logical structure: The Kalam Cosmological Argument 1 Everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of its existence. The first premise of the argument is the claim that everything that begins to exist has a cause of its existence.

[BINGSNIPMIX-3

In order to infer from this that the universe has a cause of its existence the proponent of the kalam cosmological argument must prove that the past is finite, that the universe began to exist at a certain point in time. The crucial premise of the kalam cosmological argument, then, is the second: How do we know that the universe has a beginning of its existence?

Might not the universe stretch back in time into infinity, always having existed? The proponent of the kalam cosmological argument must show that this cannot be the case if his argument is to be successful. Advocates of the kalam cosmological argument claim that it is impossible that the universe has an infinite past.

In support of this claim, modern advocates of the argument often appeal to modern science, specifically to the Big Bang theory.

New OUP Philosophy of Religion Books

Modern science, they say, has established that the universe began with the Big Bang. Traditionally, however, it is mathematics that has been used by proponents of the kalam argument in order to establish that the past is finite.Like all cosmological arguments, the kalam cosmological argument is an argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of God.

The existence of the universe, such arguments claim, stands in need of explanation. The Kalam: An Overview & Defense. By Ronald Cram | March 14, William Lane Craig is famous for resurrecting and defending the Kalam Cosmological Argument (KCA). The argument appeals to both philosophical and scientific evidence for the beginning of the universe.

Philosophy of Religion » The Kalam Cosmological Argument

If the Kalam is sound, it seems to prove the existence of God. William Lane Craig is famous for resurrecting and defending the Kalam Cosmological Argument (KCA).

The argument appeals to both philosophical and scientific evidence for the beginning of the universe. If the Kalam is sound, it seems to prove the existence of God. The Kalām cosmological argument is a modern formulation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God; named for the kalam (medieval Islamic scholasticism), it was popularized by William Lane Craig in his The Kalām Cosmological Argument ().

The Kalam Cosmological Argument. In the case of the kalam cosmological argument, the distinction drawn between the universe and God is that the universe has a beginning in time.

An overview of the article the kalam cosmological argument

Everything that has a beginning in time, the kalam cosmological argument claims, has a cause of its existence. As the universe has a beginning in time, then, the. The kalam cosmological argument, by contrast, argues that a temporally finite past can be demonstrated via both a priori and a posteriori arguments.

Craig has offered two a priori arguments and two a posteriori arguments for the finitude of the past.

An overview of the article the kalam cosmological argument
ex-apologist: Summary of William Lane Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument