This article is part of the series of articles which talks about famous men in history. This article focuses uniquely on famous men in the history of the United States of America. In this article, you will know about the following; the names of famous men in American history, what were the famous men in American History known for, and their contribution in the history of the United States of America.
Although an increasing number of practitioners are trained in academic institutions, no such formal training is required either to secure a job or to fill it well; some highly successful journalists have been men of slight formal education. In the United Statesfurthermore, there is no system of licensure or certification of journalists; unlike a lawyer or a physician, the journalist requires as the only certification of his competence the willingness of someone to pay for his product.
Concomitantly, his professional activities are not policed by any official body of the profession; he cannot be formally restrained from practice by his peers. Many nations have some kind of system of registration or licensing; although experience and demonstration of competence may be specified as a requirement in these countries, the purpose of such registration often is to make surveillance by political authorities easier or to control entrance into what is essentially a trade union.
The tendency to view the journalist as a member of a profession seems to rest largely on the recognition of the importance of his work; he is seen as a man of high responsibility more than as the inheritor of a long tradition of meritorious performance.
This ascription of responsibility, in turn, seems to rest upon the general belief that the mass media have much influence in society.
Who are the journalists? Such a definition leaves out many persons professionally involved in mass communications: But the essential characteristics of these complex systems of mass communication would seem to be best demonstrated by the full-time employees who provide the bulk of the product.
The lack of systematic study of the intellectual is frequently noted by sociologists and other students of society; the profession of journalism is no exception. There is more information available on the profession in the United States than in any other country, but even these data are skimpy and drawn largely from surveys which were often designed primarily for some other purpose.
Studies of organizational characteristics and role behavior have been confined almost entirely to the United States, and there have been few of these. The autobiographical writings of newsmen—and there have been hundreds of such volumes—frequently provide valuable personal insights and impressions; for example, the works of Lincoln SteffensEric SevareidWebb MillerVin-cent Sheeanand T.
Selection and recruitment Available evidence indicates that most professional journalists in the United States come from the upper socioeconomic bracket; various studies see, for instance, Rosten ; Deutschmann ; of discrete groups of practicing journalists show percentage ranges from 40 to 80 per cent with fathers in the professional, managerial, or proprietary occupational groups.
It is not a profession, apparently, which particularly recommends itself to the poor-but-bright boy as a channel of upward mobility. Most young people who choose the field do so early, many by the twelfth grade, most of the rest by the junior year in college. An idealistic commitment, then, was of major importance to these students in their choice, and other studies and observation tend to confirm the finding.
The problem of accommodation of idealized expectations to institutional realities is characteristic of many people in the profession. There is no substantial body of information on either the socioeconomic origins or the reason for career choice among journalists outside the United States, but some cautious inferences can be made.
Most western European journalists, as defined here, completed their formal academic training with the secondary school ; their lack of higher education may indicate family backgrounds in which higher education is not a normal expectation.
Further, the press on the continent of Europe is highly politicized, and the journalist is generally a member of a trade union. He is not likely to be a social climber; seldom in Western society does the ordi-nary working journalist have high status. The journalist in the U. Since there are few journalists in new and developing countries, recruiting for the profession is much more important than studying it.
The role of the mass media in national development is generally assumed to be critical for ex-ample, see Schrammbut in much of Africa and Asia the only really professional newsmen are, or were, the Anglo-European employees of foreign-owned newspapers.
New men have to be recruited, trained, and set to work; often they will have to be drawn from a pool of potential leaders that is tragically small.
It is precisely the lack of this kind of resource that cripples the building of news organizations in most developing countries and sets great problems for national leadership in deciding where scarce resources of competence should be assigned.
It also means, however, that the journalist in these nations begins with high status and has great opportunity for making it higher. Training for the profession Hard data on the educational background of journalists are difficult to find for any country, including the United States.- Theodore Dreiser Theodore Dreiser was born August 27, in Terre Haute, Indiana.
The younger brother of Paul Dresser, a well-known songwriter, Theodore was a famous novelist known for his outstanding American writing of naturalism. Ferdinand Birnbaum (–), a psychologist, promoted through his teaching, writing, editing, and organizational work, the education of mentally handicapped children on an international basis.
Siegfried *Bernfeld, a Freudian psychoanalyst, was active in youth psychology and education. Roe V Wade denied to every American male the ownership of his offspring, his seed, giving the child over to the individual who intended to end his life, to scrape the human soul from the womb.
Justice Stewart Potter asked Sarah Weddington, the attorney for . search essay examples. browse by category. browse by type.
Get Expert. Essay Editing Help. upload your essay. An Analysis of Naturalism in the Open Boat and the Blue Hotel by Stephen Crane. words.
An Analysis of Theodore as a Famous Novelist Known For His Outstanding American Writing of Naturalism. Oct 28, · One such aspect is his respect for life evidenced by his vegetarianism and his habit. described Leonardo's feelings for his pupils as both loving and arteensevilla.com for a portrait of Isabella d'Este () Louvre.
his extraordinary powers of invention. and speculation. François-Marie Arouet (21 November – 30 May ), known by his nom de plume Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
Voltaire was a.