Following the overthrow of monarchy inthe Union of Kurdish Women lobbied for legal reform in the Iraqi civil law and it succeeded in bringing marriage under civil control and abolishing honor killing. Honor killings was serious problem among Muslim communities until Iraq illegalized it. She later became part of the leadership of KDP. InKurdish women marched for peace from Sulaimaniya to Erbil and protested against the civil war in Iraqi Kurdistan.
History[ edit ] Fatima Jinnah — was a Pakistani dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman and one of the leading founders of Pakistan Historically, Muslim reformers such as Syed Ahmad Khan tried to bring education to women, limit polygamyand empower women in other ways through education.
Jinnah points out that Muslim women leaders from all classes actively supported the Pakistan movement in the mids. Their movement was led by wives and other relatives of leading politicians.
Women were sometimes organised into large-scale public demonstrations. Before there was a tendency for the Muslim women in Punjab to vote for the Muslim League while their menfolk supported the Unionist Party. Pakistani women were granted the suffrage in and they were reaffirmed the right to vote in national elections in under the interim Constitution.
Had General Ayub Khan run fair elections, Ms. Fatima Jinnah of Pakistan would have become the first Muslim President of the largest Muslim country in the world. However, despite that setback, during —60, several pro-women initiatives were taken.
The Muslim Family Law Ordinance which regulated marriage, divorce, and polygamy  continues to have a significant legal impact on the women of Pakistan. All government services were opened to women including the district management group and the foreign service in the civil servicewhich had been denied to them earlier.
However, the implementation of these policies was poor as the Government faced a financial crisis due to the war with India and consequent split of the country. The constitution stipulates that "there shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex alone. Zia-ul-Haq's Military Regime[ edit ] Main article: A chapter on women in development was included for the first time in the Sixth Plan.
The chapter was prepared by a working group of 28 professional women headed by Syeda Abida Hussainchairperson of the Jhang District council at that time. The main objective as stated in the Sixth Plan was "to adopt an integrated approach to improve women's status".
However, Zia-ul-Haq initiated a process of Islamization by introducing discriminatory legislation against women such as the set of Hudood Ordinances and the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order Law of Evidence Order.
He banned women from participating and from being spectators of sports and promoted purdah. He also proposed laws regarding Qisas and DiyatIslamic penal laws governing retribution qisas and compensation diyat in crimes involving bodily injury.
When the victim was a woman, the amount of diyat was halved  The Offence of Zina Enforcement of Hudood Ordinance, was a subcategory of the Hudood Ordinance. Zina is the crime of non-marital sexual relations and adultery. The Zina Ordinance included zina-bil-jabr, the category of forced intercourse.
If the woman who accuses a man of zina-bil-jabr rape cannot prove to the judicial system that she was raped, she faces adultery charges. The perpetrator may be acquitted and the victim may face adultery charges. The threat of being prosecuted discourages victims from filing complaints.
In addition, the legal possibility of marital rape was eliminated; by definition, rape became an extramarital offence according to the Zina ordinance. The ordinance prompted international criticism. Women's rights groups helped in the production of a film titled "Who will cast the first stone?
In Septemberwomen came together in Karachi in an emergency meeting to oppose the adverse effects on women of martial law and the Islamization campaign. WAF staged public protests and campaigns against the Hudood Ordinances, the Law of Evidence, and the Qisas and Diyat laws temporarily shelved as a result.Etymology.
From Arabic: el-Namus el-ekber الناموس الأكبر , "the one in possession of absolute virtues". According to the Islamic tradition, namus is the law or enlightenment bestowed unto Prophet Muhammad (and to Musa before that) during his first arteensevilla.com angel Jibrail, supposed to have delivered this law, is also sometimes referred to as Namus.
Muslim Women and Islam - Islam is one of the most growing religion in the world besides Christianity.
Based off the revelations giving to Mohammad by Allah (God), Mohammad formed the basis of Islam which is still present today. Women in Islam are provided a number of guidelines under Quran and hadiths, as understood by fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) as well as of the interpretations derived from the hadith that were agreed upon by majority of Sunni scholars as authentic beyond doubt based on hadith studies.
His promotion of the struggle between the West & Islam is well known as was his introduction of terms such as “Islamic fundamentalism” & the phrase “clash of civilizations”. In February , ABC showed the BBC documentary entitled Murder in Purdah - a very graphic and powerful film about "honour" crimes in Pakistan - in their show Nightline, and I was one of the two commentators (the other one being Asma Jahangir) in this programme.
May 19, · The Indian honor killings took place between and ; those in Pakistan between and The Pakistani honor killings in the West took place between and  The National Post (Toronto), Dec.